Applied behavior analysis is a type of interpersonal therapy in which a child works with a practitioner one-on-one. The goal of applied behavior analysis is to improve social skills by using interventions that are based on principles of learning theory.
ABA therapy helps children on the autism spectrum by:
Increasing their social abilities like completing tasks, communicating, and learning new skills
Implementing maintenance behaviors like self-control and self-regulation
Teaching them to transfer learned behaviors to new environments
Modifying the learning environment to challenge them in certain scenarios
Reducing negative behaviors like self-harm
Behavior and consequence. Just as good behaviors are rewarded, negative behaviors are discouraged. Applied behavior analysis helps your child make the connection between what happens before and after a behavior.